Questions? Feedback? powered by Olark live chat software What is a STOP BANG Questionnaire?Sleep Source

What is a STOP BANG Questionnaire?

Posted On June 11, 2014
STOPBANG questionnaire
June 11, 2014

It seems that every morning you wake up with a headache that tends to disappear after a couple of hours. Then you’ve noticed, or more accurately your significant other, that you wake up a number of times in the wee hours of the night gasping for air. And to top it all off, you think that you would have a much more productive day if someone had invented an IV coffee drip so you could stay awake and concentrate at work. Sound familiar? You might have obstructive sleep apnea and not know it yet unless…you took a STOP BANG questionnaire.

Obstructive sleep apnea is the partial or full obstruction of a person’s airway, which prevents proper breathing. The sufferer can literally stop breathing a few seconds to minutes, and to make matters worse the frequency can be as little as five to over 30 times in any given hour during the course of a night’s sleep.

Although awareness of this condition has increased over the last several years, there are still over 80 percent of people with sleep apnea not properly diagnosed, which also translates to not being treated. When sleep apnea is not treated, it places the individual at a higher risk for life-threatening conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and stroke. Sleep apnea also places the sufferer at risk for complications if scheduled for surgery.

Developed in 2008 by Dr. Frances Chung at the University of Toronto as a pre-surgery screening tool, the STOP BANG questionnaire is used to help identify sleep apnea easily with eight short questions.

The STOP and BANG stand for the following:


S: Snoring

T: Tiredness during the daytime

O: Observed apnea, i.e. pauses in breathing

P: Pressure (high blood pressure)

B: Body mass index (BMI)

A: Age

N: Neck circumference

G: Gender


The questions tackle the various areas that predispose a person to sleep apnea. If the patient positively responds to three or more questions, sleep apnea is present at a high probability and would need further testing for an accurate diagnosis such as with the gold standard of diagnostic testing, a sleep study.


The STOP BANG questionnaire is not the only tool used as a screening method for sleep apnea. In 1996, the Berlin questionnaire was created, and differs from STOP BANG in that the questions span three different categories: severity of snoring, daytime sleepiness and high blood pressure/obesity history. Unfortunately, the use of the Berlin questionnaire has not been well adopted in many physician practices. In order to calculate risk, the administrator needs to score the answers to the questions. It is not as quick and easy as the STOP BANG questionnaire.


How Does the STOP BANG Questionnaire Rank Against the Berlin?

Since 2008, various research groups demonstrated the validity of using the STOP BANG questionnaire as a screening tool for sleep apnea. Results of some of these studies were published in the British Journal of Anesthesia, Current Opinion in Anesthesiology and   Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. At any rate, this questionnaire can easily be added into routine pre-screening protocol for physicians and surgeons in their offices.

If you have or suspect you might have sleep apnea, please contact one of our medical concierges today at 1-855-863-4537 to schedule a free consultation.

About Phoebe Ochman

Phoebe Ochman, Director of Communications for Sleep Apnea Treatment Centers of America, manages all content and communications for the company.
  • Make Sleep a Priority in 2016

    Dec 30, 2015
    You say you want to bring in the New Year with a positive life change that will benefit you and your health. One of the most beneficial resolutions to your overall health is changing your sleep habits. For years you have heard that sleep is important, but have you really executed a plan to make […]

    Living With Panic Disorder and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Dec 17, 2015
    The sun is shining and the sky is blue. Keeping the top down on your convertible is a foregone conclusion. But wait, your palms become clammy, your heart starts to race, you can’t quite catch your breath and you have a sense of unexplainable danger. What is wrong? You might have just experienced a panic […]

    Somniphobia: Can People be Too Scared to Sleep?

    Nov 04, 2015
    You are addicted. You admit it. You can’t seem to get enough of the hit TV shows American Horror Story or The Walking Dead. After binge watching for 6 hours, you have finally unlocked somniphobia. But somniphobia isn’t just about getting to the end of a new series. Somniphobia is something real to people who […]

    Incidence of Gout Double for Sleep Apnea Sufferers

    Oct 29, 2015
    A recent study out of the UK has shown risk of developing gout was up to 60% higher among patients with sleep apnea versus individuals without sleep apnea. Gout is a complex form of arthritis that causes the body to make an excess of uric acid causing pain at the base of the joints. Sleep […]
  • About Us

    Sleep Apnea Treatment Centers of America was founded for the sole purpose of providing superior sleep solutions for our patients to improve their overall quality of life.

    We seek to gain a thorough understanding of each patient’s sleep disorder and individual medical needs in order to provide the best care and treatment solutions available to effectively treat their sleep condition.
  • What We Do

    We offer a unique and comprehensive form of sleep apnea treatment that effectively seeks to cure sleep apnea over the course of an average of 6 treatments.

    Having the ability to significantly impact our patients’ lives for the better through improved sleep and minimizing health risks is something that we take great pride in. Please take a look at what our patients are saying and view some of our Sleep Apnea success stories.
  • Contact Us


    Email (required)


Copyright © 2013 Sleep Apnea Treatment Centers of America | Website | Powered by AHP